Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) could be a condition in which the walls of the throat relax and gets contracted throughout the sleep, leading to snoring and interrupting respiration. This is common in patients with type 2 diabetes. Meanwhile, the common type of diabetic disease, diabetic retinopathy affects between 40 and 50 percent of patients with diabetes and leads to loss of eyesight.Many studies have proved that there is some relation between OSA and diabetic retinopathy. But there were no studies showing the impact of OSA on the progression of diabetic retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes. So, the University of Birmingham had started to study the impact of OSA.  Dr. Abd Tahrani, of the University of Birmingham’s Institute of Metabolism and Systems analysis, said: “Despite enhancements in aldohexose, pressure and macromolecule levels, diabetic retinopathy remains quite common”.

Meanwhile, OSA has been shown to be quite common in patients with Type 2 diabetes, that isn’t wicked considering that excess weight, contributes to the event of each of those conditions. However, most of the patients have OSA but they aren’t aware that they are under the condition and therefore the illness might go unknown for yearsFirstly, we tend to show that sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy was less common in patients with Type 2 diabetes without OSA compared to those with Type 2 diabetes and OSA. However, the study proved that patients with OSA and Type 2 diabetes will face the risk of developing advanced diabetic retinopathy over an amount of 3 years and 7 months.”

Some of the patients with OSA and type 2 diabetes are taken for diabetic retinopathy victimization specialist for the retinal imaging, whereas OSA was assessed employing a home-based, multi-channel cardio-respiratory moveable device. The results showed that diabetic retinopathy prevalence was lower in patients without OSA (24.1%) compared to those with OSA (42.9%).Meanwhile, the study conjointly proved that patients who took the treatment for OSA employing a machine connected to a mask that delivers pressure to stop the blockage of the airways throughout sleep had a higher risk of developing advanced diabetic retinopathy compared to patients who received the treatment.

Dr Tahrani said: “The conclusion of the study is that OSA is associate freelance predictor for the progression to moderate or severe diabetic retinopathy in patients with Type 2 diabetes.“Following our analysis, it’s vital that clinicians treating patients with sort Type 2 diabetes should be aware that their patients with OSA are significantly at augmented risk of developing advance retinopathy and, hence, acceptable preventative measures ought to be taken.”Clinicians ought to think about testing patients for OSA as OSA is extremely common in patients with sort two polygenic diseases.”


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