To condense the water from the humid air, water harvesting machines require energy. Based on this criterion, Researchers have created the primary water harvester that merely uses the sunlight. The major element in the machine is an enormous porous material known as “METAL-ORGANIC FRAMEWORK” which is formed by the combination of metals like aluminum or magnesium with organic molecules in a tinker-toy arrangement.

This MOF is placed between the solar absorber and a condenser plate, positioned within a chamber exposed to air and sunlight.  It has the capacity to absorb 20% of water from the low humid air. For example, over the conditions of 20-30% of humid air, the water harvester can produce 2.8 liters of water using 1 kilogram of MOF within 12 hours.  When the sunlight falls on the MOF, it gets heated up and produces water vapor which in turn produces water by the process of condensation and get collected into a container. The percentage of water acquired depends mostly on the amount of humidity present in the atmosphere.

This technique paved a path to harvest water from the air, without high relative humidity circumstances. It is very efficient water harvester when compared to existing machinery.



Latest kinds of “poppers” are inhalant drugs that individuals use for recreation are very toxicant to people’s eyes revealed in a study.

Poppers are usually sold in sex outlets or on-line, however can’t be sold officially as a product for human utilization. They’re usually tagged as domestic product like “video head cleaners” or “room odorizers”. These drugs are colorless liquids that once indrawn will cause temporary high spirits and arousal.

The new report illustrates 12 cases of individuals in southern European nation UN agency, experienced vision tribulations very shortly by inhalation of poppers people are using these poppers since 20 years.

When the researchers analyzed the chemical composition of the poppers that the individuals had used, they found that a chemical named isopropyl nitrite was coupled with eye injury. The use of isopropyl nitrite is the replacement of another chemical called butyl nitrite as it was banned in the legislation of Britain in 2006.

Based on the experiments and research done, the researchers observed that isopropyl nitrite is very toxicant to the fovea centralis [a tiny pit within the middle of the retina] and might cause vital visual disturbance. The people inhaling these poppers experiences vision problems such as blurriness or blind spots etc.,



For the first time in human’s clinical trial, women with either breast or female internal reproductive organ tumors were injected intravenously with Microbubbles capable of binding and recognize the cancer. This is the technique which is secure and susceptible.

Medical microbubbles are spheres of phospholipids, an equivalent material that produces up the membranes of living cells. The bubbles square measure 1 to 4 microns in diameter which is slightly smaller than a red blood corpuscle and crammed with a harmless mixture of perfluorobutane and element gas.

The microbubbles will be binded to a receptor by KDR which is found on the tumor blood vessels of cancer, however not in healthy tissue. A noncancerous cell doesn’t have such receptors. And since benign breast and female internal reproductive organ tumors sometimes lack KDR, the labeled microbubbles which are usually known as MBKDR, passes through them such that the bubbles stay hooked up to the tumor cells for much time and allows the clinicians to go on with the test using ultrasound technology.

The KDR microbubbles strengthen and recover the diagnoses and avoid the unnecessary surgeries in ladies suspected of getting breast or female internal reproductive organ cancer.


The habit of smoking tobacco with a tobacco pipe known as a HOOKAH began many years ago in geographical area and unfolds across the Center East. Today Hookah tobacco is smoked around the world. Several cities within the world have Hookah cafes where individuals get along to smoke socially.

The mushy, tasteful tobacco in hookah pipes is generally burned with specially created charcoal briquettes, which might contain significant metals or different toxins. However researchers found that a trendy substitute, electrical heating disks sold-out in most tobacco retailers are more harmful to your health.

The researchers conducted an experiment by heating the Hookah tobacco in two forms of commercially obtainable charcoal and the other one is with an electrical heat supply generally known as e-charcoal.

After the completion of experiments they gave observed that:

  • Lower-toxin charcoal killed10% of respiratory organ cells after 24 hours.
  • Higher-toxin charcoal killed25% of respiratory organ
  • E-charcoal killed athumping 80% of respiratory organ

Unlike e-cigarettes, that converts hot liquid into a vapor, Hookah pipes burn real tobacco mixed with glycerin and flavorings. So the researchers suspects the culprits that killed the respiratory organ cells were volatile organic compounds like polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, that area unit discharged once organic material like tobacco burns. These compounds are connected to a spread of cancers, together with carcinoma.