JUNO the wonder created by NASA. Juno was the spacecraft sent by NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration). It was sent from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on AUGUST 5, 2011. Juno’s principal goal is to understand the origin and evolution of Jupiter. Underneath its dense cloud cover, Jupiter safeguards secrets that governed our solar system during its formation. Being the giant planet in the solar system, Jupiter can also provide critical knowledge for understanding the planetary systems being discovered around other stars. The total cost of the mission was approximately 1.1 billion$.

After nearly five years and travelling 2.8 billion kilometers in space, NASA’s Juno probe a mission to investigate Jupiter’s deep interior has safely arrived at the giant planet on JULY 4, 2016 recently. Juno will spend the next 20 months orbiting Jupiter. The spacecraft is in a polar orbit to study Jupiter’s composition, gravity field, magnetic field, and polar magnetosphere.

Juno will also search for clues about how the planet is formed, including whether it has a rocky core, the amount of water present within the deep atmosphere, mass distribution, and its deep winds, which can reach speeds of 618 kilometers per hour.

Juno captured a stunning video of the four Galilean moons Callisto, Europa, Ganymede and Io. Bolton said the Juno team is planning to capture another video of Jupiter in late August.



Everyone have a feeling that kids with sight are painful. It is hard to wear glasses while their little sibling as cute and non four eyed as ever. But this would not happen if you know the fact i.e., they are nearsighted is more in first born babies and also it is termed as they are intelligent and get more education.

A study arise a question that, is this a new issue or have older siblings always gotten the short end of the eyesight stick?, to know about this researches in the UK who were part of a huge national project called the UK Bio-bank, which is tracking the health of about half a million adults revealed that 30% of them are myopic between 40 and 69 years old given by the scientists—Jeremy Guggenheim of Cardiff University and Cathy Williams of the University of Bristol.

It was also analyzed that myopia is high in older siblings than the younger i.e. the first children were about 12% more likely to be nearsighted than second children and when compared with the other children firstborns were almost 40% more likely to be nearsighted.

The education taught for the children take much time  who are next to firstborn children but this is not exact analysis as they do not calculate how much time they spend for their outdoors and studying.

The difference of sight between firstborns and everyone is averaged to less than 0.25 diopters in glass prescription, but here only considering the factor education there would be chance of different factors.

Eye is the only vision and these problems have been spreading all over the world. Despite of reading or of becoming a book reader, hereditary and health issues may also help in consulting optometrist’s office and you may have nice frames and continue your reading without hesitation.


HUNTINGTON’S DISEASE is a disease related to the brain which cannot be cured. HD is also called as “HUNTINGTON’S CHOREA”. As stated earlier, it is a brain disease; it causes death in brain cells. It affects certain parts of the brain such as Neostratium, Cerebral Cortex, Hippocampus, Cerebellum, thalamus and Hypothalamus. This disease is caused by autosomal dominant mutation of a gene called Huntington. The symptoms of this disease are similar to the Parkinson’s disease. Some of the symptoms include difficulty in eating like chewing and swallowing, abnormal face expressions and physical instability. The major cause for this disease is the deficiency of CYSTEINE.

Cysteine is an amino acid which is very essential to our body. Its chemical formula is “HO2CCH (NH2) CH2SH”. It is one of the functional and structural components of enzymes and proteins. Cysteine deficiency also cause AIDS, Cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, Arthritis and other cardiovascular diseases. Recent studies on HD reveal that “a protein called Cystathionine Gamma Lyase (CSE) is responsible for the formation of Cysteine gets depleted in the HD” and during the depletion of Cysteine the Huntington cells will be increased causing HD.


Scientists from University of Copenhagen and Yale University have done a research on the patients who are in coma. The Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scanning type is used by the researches to predict whether a patient will be free from coma or not. They analyze the patient’s condition on measuring with the camera that detects emission from a radioactive glucose that is given to the brains.

Brain gets the energy from the glucose which can be referred as brain food and by observing glucose metabolism in the brain can decide how actively a brain was by the researchers.

Shining Up the Brain:

On studying 131 patients of different cases like patients who were in deep coma as well as patients who respond to stimuli are to be considered as comatose. These patients were under observation for a year and 42 percent of cerebral energy is necessary to return a patient into consciousness. The 42 percent can be referred as the threshold level and the patient who is below this level would die or remain in coma. Out of many patients one of them was in more responsive state. Remaining was totally unresponsive but had higher levels of brain activity i.e. out of 11 patients, 8 recovered.

This test would help family and doctors who could assume a rough time for recovery of the patient. It also determines whether the person would die.

Bond of Glucose and Consciousness:

Level of consciousness of a patient depends upon the brains energy consumption which is obtained by the glucose. Researches also observed differences between the patients who have high metabolism and low metabolism energy levels in the brain. Further research is done on the patients beyond one year that how much long they would stay in coma and researchers work would be reused by the other researchers.