MOF BASED WATER HARVESTER

To condense the water from the humid air, water harvesting machines require energy. Based on this criterion, Researchers have created the primary water harvester that merely uses the sunlight. The major element in the machine is an enormous porous material known as “METAL-ORGANIC FRAMEWORK” which is formed by the combination of metals like aluminum or magnesium with organic molecules in a tinker-toy arrangement.

This MOF is placed between the solar absorber and a condenser plate, positioned within a chamber exposed to air and sunlight.  It has the capacity to absorb 20% of water from the low humid air. For example, over the conditions of 20-30% of humid air, the water harvester can produce 2.8 liters of water using 1 kilogram of MOF within 12 hours.  When the sunlight falls on the MOF, it gets heated up and produces water vapor which in turn produces water by the process of condensation and get collected into a container. The percentage of water acquired depends mostly on the amount of humidity present in the atmosphere.

This technique paved a path to harvest water from the air, without high relative humidity circumstances. It is very efficient water harvester when compared to existing machinery.

DAMAGE OF EYES BY INHALATION OF POPPERS

Latest kinds of “poppers” are inhalant drugs that individuals use for recreation are very toxicant to people’s eyes revealed in a study.

Poppers are usually sold in sex outlets or on-line, however can’t be sold officially as a product for human utilization. They’re usually tagged as domestic product like “video head cleaners” or “room odorizers”. These drugs are colorless liquids that once indrawn will cause temporary high spirits and arousal.

The new report illustrates 12 cases of individuals in southern European nation UN agency, experienced vision tribulations very shortly by inhalation of poppers people are using these poppers since 20 years.

When the researchers analyzed the chemical composition of the poppers that the individuals had used, they found that a chemical named isopropyl nitrite was coupled with eye injury. The use of isopropyl nitrite is the replacement of another chemical called butyl nitrite as it was banned in the legislation of Britain in 2006.

Based on the experiments and research done, the researchers observed that isopropyl nitrite is very toxicant to the fovea centralis [a tiny pit within the middle of the retina] and might cause vital visual disturbance. The people inhaling these poppers experiences vision problems such as blurriness or blind spots etc.,

INJECTION OF MICROBUBBLES TO DIAGNOSE THE TUMOR CELLS

 

For the first time in human’s clinical trial, women with either breast or female internal reproductive organ tumors were injected intravenously with Microbubbles capable of binding and recognize the cancer. This is the technique which is secure and susceptible.

Medical microbubbles are spheres of phospholipids, an equivalent material that produces up the membranes of living cells. The bubbles square measure 1 to 4 microns in diameter which is slightly smaller than a red blood corpuscle and crammed with a harmless mixture of perfluorobutane and element gas.

The microbubbles will be binded to a receptor by KDR which is found on the tumor blood vessels of cancer, however not in healthy tissue. A noncancerous cell doesn’t have such receptors. And since benign breast and female internal reproductive organ tumors sometimes lack KDR, the labeled microbubbles which are usually known as MBKDR, passes through them such that the bubbles stay hooked up to the tumor cells for much time and allows the clinicians to go on with the test using ultrasound technology.

The KDR microbubbles strengthen and recover the diagnoses and avoid the unnecessary surgeries in ladies suspected of getting breast or female internal reproductive organ cancer.

HARMFUL HOOKAH SMOKING

The habit of smoking tobacco with a tobacco pipe known as a HOOKAH began many years ago in geographical area and unfolds across the Center East. Today Hookah tobacco is smoked around the world. Several cities within the world have Hookah cafes where individuals get along to smoke socially.

The mushy, tasteful tobacco in hookah pipes is generally burned with specially created charcoal briquettes, which might contain significant metals or different toxins. However researchers found that a trendy substitute, electrical heating disks sold-out in most tobacco retailers are more harmful to your health.

The researchers conducted an experiment by heating the Hookah tobacco in two forms of commercially obtainable charcoal and the other one is with an electrical heat supply generally known as e-charcoal.

After the completion of experiments they gave observed that:

  • Lower-toxin charcoal killed10% of respiratory organ cells after 24 hours.
  • Higher-toxin charcoal killed25% of respiratory organ
  • E-charcoal killed athumping 80% of respiratory organ

Unlike e-cigarettes, that converts hot liquid into a vapor, Hookah pipes burn real tobacco mixed with glycerin and flavorings. So the researchers suspects the culprits that killed the respiratory organ cells were volatile organic compounds like polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, that area unit discharged once organic material like tobacco burns. These compounds are connected to a spread of cancers, together with carcinoma.

MOBILE PHONES TO DIAGNOSE THE DISEASES

Scientists have developed a brand new 5D technique for analyzing pictures, associated with advanced technique which will create it easier to quickly realize revealing signs of diseases from photos taken using mobile phones.

A technique named “Hyper-Spectral Phasor” analysis, or HYSP, more rapid and much more cost-effective than current techniques, which helps in designation and observation of diseases by using the images taken by the mobile phones.

Researchers used fluorescent imaging to find proteins and alternative molecules in cells and tissues. It works based on the principle called supposed “black light” pictures in which the molecules are tagged with dyes that glow beneath definite varieties of light.

Fluorescent imaging will facilitate scientists to perceive that molecules area unit made in giant amounts in cancer or alternative diseases, data which will be helpful in identification or in distinguishing feasible targets for therapeutic medicine.

Researchers should scrutinize different labels completely and then apply difficult techniques to layer them mutually and draw the outline, however they relate to at least one another, a prolonged and pricey method.

A situation arises to view the 18 targets. Then they’ll do this all right away by using HYSP, instead of performing 18 separate experiments and checking them out.

In addition, the formula effectively filters through interference to tell apart actuality signal, although that signal is extraordinarily weak.

Recent technology from NASA’s reaction propulsion laboratory also can try this, however the instrumentation and methodology is too costlier and sustained.

  Also it uses abundant less computing time. It may be feasible in the future for clinicians to use HYSP to investigate telephone photos of skin lesions to work out if they’re in danger of being cancerous.

“we might confirm if the lesions have modified color or form over time,” researcher aforesaid. Clinicians might then examine the patient to make sure of a identification and respond suitably.

MOTHER’S BP MAY ANTICIPATE SEX OF INFANT

The sex of a baby is also expected by the mother’s pressure level, in line with a brand new study that found that ladies with lower BP before gestation square measure, doubtless to administer birth to a lady.

Dr.Ravi Retnakaran, medical specialist at Sinai Hospital in North American country found that the pregnant women with  higher pressure level was a sign that  she will give birth to a baby boy whereas pregnant women with lower pressure level attended offer birth to a baby girl.

This “suggests that a woman’s pressure level before gestation may be an antecedently unrecognized issue that’s related to her chance of delivering a boy or a girl”.

“This novel insight could hold implications for conceptive planning and our understanding of the basic mechanisms underlying the sex magnitude relation in humans”.

 The possibility of predicting the sex of the baby in early gestation has long been a subject of public enthrallment, spawning varied theories of maternal characteristics related to the presence of a male or feminine vertebrate.

After the analysis on nearly 1500 pregnant women considering the factors like age, education, smoking, BMI, waist, cholesterol, triglycerides and aldohexose, beat pressure level before gestation was found to be higher in women who gave birth to a baby girl and lower in women who gave birth to a baby boy.

Higher maternal pressure level before gestation emerged as a freelance predictor of subsequently delivering a boy.

A WISE NEEDLE MAKES THE BRAIN SURGERY VERY EASIER

Scientists have developed a replacement wise needle with a small cameras that permits surgeons to ascertain at risk of blood vessels and avoid injuring the, associate advance will create surgical procedure safer.

The tiny imaging probe encased at intervals, a brain diagnostic test needle allows the surgeons to “see” blood vessels as they insert the needle and permits them to avoid inflicting bleeds that may doubtless be fatal.

We can say that it’s a wise needle containing a small fiber-optic camera which is equal to the dimensions of a person’s hair, shining infrared emission to ascertain the vessels before the needle will injure them.

And what is extremely exciting is that the system or computer associated with the needle shows the position of the blood vessels in the brain such that the surgeons observing the system will be alert. Over the past six months, this needle has been utilized in a pilot trial with twelve patients undergoing surgery at Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital in Western.

These needles are going to be prepared for formal clinical trials next year, researchers aforementioned. “To have a tool that may see blood vessels as we have a tendency to proceed through the brain would revolutionize neurosurgery”. “It paves a path for the approach of safer surgery.