JUNO

JUNO the wonder created by NASA. Juno was the spacecraft sent by NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration). It was sent from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on AUGUST 5, 2011. Juno’s principal goal is to understand the origin and evolution of Jupiter. Underneath its dense cloud cover, Jupiter safeguards secrets that governed our solar system during its formation. Being the giant planet in the solar system, Jupiter can also provide critical knowledge for understanding the planetary systems being discovered around other stars. The total cost of the mission was approximately 1.1 billion$.

After nearly five years and travelling 2.8 billion kilometers in space, NASA’s Juno probe a mission to investigate Jupiter’s deep interior has safely arrived at the giant planet on JULY 4, 2016 recently. Juno will spend the next 20 months orbiting Jupiter. The spacecraft is in a polar orbit to study Jupiter’s composition, gravity field, magnetic field, and polar magnetosphere.

Juno will also search for clues about how the planet is formed, including whether it has a rocky core, the amount of water present within the deep atmosphere, mass distribution, and its deep winds, which can reach speeds of 618 kilometers per hour.

Juno captured a stunning video of the four Galilean moons Callisto, Europa, Ganymede and Io. Bolton said the Juno team is planning to capture another video of Jupiter in late August.

IS SIGHT FOR FIRSTBORN BABIES LUCKY?

Everyone have a feeling that kids with sight are painful. It is hard to wear glasses while their little sibling as cute and non four eyed as ever. But this would not happen if you know the fact i.e., they are nearsighted is more in first born babies and also it is termed as they are intelligent and get more education.

A study arise a question that, is this a new issue or have older siblings always gotten the short end of the eyesight stick?, to know about this researches in the UK who were part of a huge national project called the UK Bio-bank, which is tracking the health of about half a million adults revealed that 30% of them are myopic between 40 and 69 years old given by the scientists—Jeremy Guggenheim of Cardiff University and Cathy Williams of the University of Bristol.

It was also analyzed that myopia is high in older siblings than the younger i.e. the first children were about 12% more likely to be nearsighted than second children and when compared with the other children firstborns were almost 40% more likely to be nearsighted.

The education taught for the children take much time  who are next to firstborn children but this is not exact analysis as they do not calculate how much time they spend for their outdoors and studying.

The difference of sight between firstborns and everyone is averaged to less than 0.25 diopters in glass prescription, but here only considering the factor education there would be chance of different factors.

Eye is the only vision and these problems have been spreading all over the world. Despite of reading or of becoming a book reader, hereditary and health issues may also help in consulting optometrist’s office and you may have nice frames and continue your reading without hesitation.

HUNTINGTON’S DISEASE

HUNTINGTON’S DISEASE is a disease related to the brain which cannot be cured. HD is also called as “HUNTINGTON’S CHOREA”. As stated earlier, it is a brain disease; it causes death in brain cells. It affects certain parts of the brain such as Neostratium, Cerebral Cortex, Hippocampus, Cerebellum, thalamus and Hypothalamus. This disease is caused by autosomal dominant mutation of a gene called Huntington. The symptoms of this disease are similar to the Parkinson’s disease. Some of the symptoms include difficulty in eating like chewing and swallowing, abnormal face expressions and physical instability. The major cause for this disease is the deficiency of CYSTEINE.

Cysteine is an amino acid which is very essential to our body. Its chemical formula is “HO2CCH (NH2) CH2SH”. It is one of the functional and structural components of enzymes and proteins. Cysteine deficiency also cause AIDS, Cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, Arthritis and other cardiovascular diseases. Recent studies on HD reveal that “a protein called Cystathionine Gamma Lyase (CSE) is responsible for the formation of Cysteine gets depleted in the HD” and during the depletion of Cysteine the Huntington cells will be increased causing HD.

GLUCOSE DECIDES CONSCIOUSNESS

Scientists from University of Copenhagen and Yale University have done a research on the patients who are in coma. The Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scanning type is used by the researches to predict whether a patient will be free from coma or not. They analyze the patient’s condition on measuring with the camera that detects emission from a radioactive glucose that is given to the brains.

Brain gets the energy from the glucose which can be referred as brain food and by observing glucose metabolism in the brain can decide how actively a brain was by the researchers.

Shining Up the Brain:

On studying 131 patients of different cases like patients who were in deep coma as well as patients who respond to stimuli are to be considered as comatose. These patients were under observation for a year and 42 percent of cerebral energy is necessary to return a patient into consciousness. The 42 percent can be referred as the threshold level and the patient who is below this level would die or remain in coma. Out of many patients one of them was in more responsive state. Remaining was totally unresponsive but had higher levels of brain activity i.e. out of 11 patients, 8 recovered.

This test would help family and doctors who could assume a rough time for recovery of the patient. It also determines whether the person would die.

Bond of Glucose and Consciousness:

Level of consciousness of a patient depends upon the brains energy consumption which is obtained by the glucose. Researches also observed differences between the patients who have high metabolism and low metabolism energy levels in the brain. Further research is done on the patients beyond one year that how much long they would stay in coma and researchers work would be reused by the other researchers.

Forecast Success Via Genes Test

Success is a positive feeling we feel when we achieve our goal. Can we forecast it? Yes we can. Our emerging technologies made this technique possible through genes test. Scientists found thousands of genetic variations that independently were hardly considerable, but collectively presented a way of scheming what is called a “polygenic score” that accounted for 2% of the variation in educational achievement

Genetic profiles of the New Zealanders where observed by the Belsky and his colleagues, they found that those with advanced polygenic scores not only had a better education, but went on to accomplishing more in further ways. By the period of 38, they had more esteemed occupations, higher incomes and more possessions and were better at running their capital. The individuals’ polygenic scores could foresee success even when the group accounted for their level of education.

The relationship held regardless of whether the person had come from a affluent or pitiable family, too – those with a higher polygenic score were more liable to reach upward social mobility, and do better than their parents. They also found that successful people with higher polygenic scores were more likeable and welcoming, both as children and adults.

Plomin says “It is essential that public should identify and value genetic scores”. “When children don’t perform well, we censure their teachers and parents, but kids differ hereditarily. That doesn’t mean a kid can’t learn, but we should recognize that it might take more effort.”

EXERCISE-AGING

EXERCISE is a physical activity which is very essential for the health of a human body. It is required to improve the physical fitness, overall health and wellness of the body. It keeps the condition of our body in a stable state.

Due to busy schedules, people have no time and not interested or giving less priority for doing the exercise and facing many health disorders. Exercise must be done by everyone for various reasons such as it increases growth and development of the body, strengthens the muscles and cardiovascular system, honing athletic skills, weight loss and body management. The regular physical exercise boosts up our immune system and prevents diseases or affluence such as diabetes, obesity, thyroid and various cardiovascular diseases. It also helps us in decreasing the stress, depression and increases the quality of sleep.

The main advantage of doing regular exercise is that it prevents the AGING. Most of the people try to with hold their age but it’s very difficult for them to do it, in such cases exercise is the best solution for them. The age from 30 or 35 makes the day to day life of the person harder. Being aged exercising helps in preventing muscle mass as they get resistance to build up due to aging. Exercising provides strength and power to the body, it protects from many health disorders. In the aged people there will be much effect on their brain, the processing speed of the brain also decreases. Exercising gives protection for both the functioning of it and its structure. One of the major benefits of exercising is that it increases the birth of new brain cells.

 

 

 

EFFECTS OF POLLUTION

The contamination of soil, water, atmosphere by the harmful substances like ash, dust and other particles is called Pollution. Pollution is the main cause for the health disorders in the people, mostly in the metropolitan cities. There were many sources of pollution like automobiles, water bodies etc., many of the scientists suggests that breathing polluted air for a long time can lead to sickness

Pollution is very harmful to our health. It causes many health disorders. Recent studies are saying that it was the main reason for the lung cancer. The results suggest that exposure to air pollution can raise the risk of becoming extremely overweight which is also called as obesity. It agrees with many other studies that air pollution  affects the  metabolism of the body.

Another study found that when pregnant mice were exposed to exhaust from diesel engines, their pups grew up to be heavier  and face illness. The pups also developed more inflammation in their brains. Pollution also increases signs of inflammation in the lungs, blood and fat. Researchers says that it might be possible to create medicines that reverse the negative health effects of air pollution, but these medicines will take time to develop.